People's net Shanghai January 10(GE Junjun) January 10,2019 National Science and Technology Awards Congress held in the Great Hall of the People. Among them, Shanghai has won a total of 52 leading or co-operating scientific and technological achievements, accounting for% of the total number of national scientific and technological awards. Of the 52 winning projects, the city has led 26, accounting for 50% of the total.
From the category of awards and awards, highlight innovation \"high\" and \"difficult\" high-level awards are more. In 2019, Shanghai achieved a new breakthrough in the high-level awards and the National Natural Science Award, and maintained a strong competitiveness in the National Technology Invention Award, the National Science and Technology Progress Award and the People's Republic of China International Science and Technology Cooperation Award.
Of the 52 awards, one (national 3), seven (national%) and 42(second). Among them, Shanghai led the winning of the National Science and Technology Progress Award Principal Award 1, this is the first time since 2002 Shanghai led the project won the Principal Award.
From the field of discipline, the completion of units, the completion of the situation, shanghai still shows a more comprehensive innovation strength, colleges and universities lead more but enterprises, especially private enterprises to participate in the enthusiasm is even higher, cross-regional, especially the Yangtze River Delta integration high-level innovation cooperation has become the norm.
Compared with 2018, the number of general award-winning projects completed by enterprises in 2019 has increased significantly, and the number of private enterprises and state-owned enterprises has increased by three. In particular, the number of private enterprises in the top three units has doubled from three to six.
In terms of age, three of the 21 leading general projects in the city have been completed, such as Shi Yongyong 40, Peng Huisheng 43 and Du Wenli 45, accounting for%;11 between 46 and 55, accounting for%;6 between 56 and 65, accounting for%; and 1 over 66, accounting for%. In cumulative terms, young and middle-aged people have become the backbone of scientific and technological innovation. The average age of the first person to complete the eight projects of the Shanghai National Natural Science Award is 53 years, and the average age of the first person to complete the three projects of the National Technology Invention Award is 53 years.
Focusing on major scientific issues, Shanghai has organized and implemented basic research projects to form a stable research team, and a group of outstanding young and middle-aged scientists have made breakthroughs in the field of basic frontiers. Shanghai has made great progress in the selection of the National Natural Science Award, and the bright spots of innovation have frequently emerged, which plays an increasingly important role in the overall pattern of national basic research.
The mathematical theory project of stochastic control and nonlinear filtering, completed independently by fudan university, won the second prize of national natural science award. It is also the first time in nearly 10 years that Shanghai has won the National Natural Science Award in the field of mathematics, and the only award-winning project completed by one person independently of all the award-winning projects in Shanghai in 2019.
Scientific and technological innovation focuses on people's \"food, clothing, housing and transportation \", which aims to improve people's living standards. A great number of outstanding achievements have emerged in the areas of life and health, health care and environmental protection of general concern. These achievements have independent intellectual property rights, which have made important contributions to the protection of people's health, the convenience of people's life and the harmonious development of the city.
The \"Research and Application of Key Technologies for the Accurate Diagnosis and Treatment of Lung Cancer \", led by Zhou Caicun of Tongji University and jointly completed by hospitals or companies in Xi'an, Zhejiang, Chongqing and Jiangsu regions, has successfully developed two kinds of auxiliary diagnostic molecular markers, which can increase the positive predictive value of early lung cancer diagnosis from% to%. Lung cancer is the highest incidence and mortality of malignant tumors in China, resulting in a huge economic and social burden, the project won the second prize of the National Science and Technology Progress Award.
The research of \"ten years grinding one sword\" is the universal rule of the award-winning achievement, and it is also the true portrayal of the scientific research personnel's work. the 2019 national natural science award, the national technological invention award, the national science and technology progress award three major awards for general projects, the average duration is year, year and year, respectively. Among them, the project of \"technological innovation and popularization and application of jaw defect function reconstruction\" lasts for more than 20 years, and the project of \"independent research and development and industrialization of marine large-scale strangulation and dredging equipment\" lasts for 18 years.
behind the increase in results, cannot be separated from the improvement of the scientific and technological system. In March 2019, Shanghai science reform \"25\" officially landed, further for scientific research personnel to release the power, the implementation of knowledge value-oriented income distribution mechanism, so that the real contribution of scientific research personnel \"fame and fortune \".