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李世民下诏男人20岁没结婚,朝廷免费发老婆,还分40亩土地
2020-01-08 00:41  www.affilinker.com

这是老电影《牧马人》的桥段,最近却突然在自媒体上火爆起来。深层次的原因,就是现在的男人娶老婆太难了。普通的男人娶一个老婆,要车要房要彩礼,基本上要把自己和父母的钱包掏空。

This is the bridge of the old film \"The Horseman,\" but recently it suddenly became popular in the media. The deep reason is that it is too difficult for a man to marry. Ordinary men marry a wife, the car to ask for a bride price, basically to their parents and their wallets empty.

如果家里的条件差一点,就只能渴望伉俪而不得。笔者的老家江西省永丰县藤田镇岭南村,30岁以上娶不到老婆的男人,已经达到了三位数。

If the conditions of the family are poor, they can only desire the couple. The author's hometown of yongfeng county, jiangxi liangtian town lingnan village, over 30 years old cannot marry a man, has reached three figures.

一个人几千人口的村子,就有上百人娶不到老婆。现实就是这么残酷,使得男人们都渴望有人问一句:“某某,你要老婆不要?只要你开金口,我就给你送过来。”

A village of thousands of people, hundreds of people cannot get a wife. The reality is so cruel that men are eager for someone to ask,\" So and so on, do you want a wife? As long as you open your mouth, I'll send it to you.

那个时候的男人,到了二十岁还没有娶老婆。有司衙门的人,就会找他:“某某,你要老婆不要?只要你开金口,我就给你送过来。”

At that time, the man, by the age of twenty has not married. If you have a magistrate, you will find him:------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ As long as you open your mouth, I'll send it to you.

有司衙门的人就会说:“没关系啦,只要你要老婆,朝廷不但给你送老婆,还给你老婆分四十亩土地。有田就可以种粮食,就可以养活老婆孩子了。”

Those who have a department of Yamen will say:\" It doesn't matter, as long as you want a wife, the court not only gives you a wife, but also gives your wife 40 mu of land. If you have a field, you can grow food and feed your wife and children.

于是乎,某某就这样得了一个国家发的老婆,还得到了四十亩土地。这不是小说段子,而是出自正史《新唐书.太宗本纪》的记载,原文是:“贞观元年,二月丁巳,诏民男二十、女十五以上无夫家者,州县以礼聘娶。”

As a result, so-and-so got a country hair wife, but also got 40 acres of land. This is not a novel, but from the history of the new Tang Dynasty. In the first year of zhenguan, in february ding-si, zhaomin male 20, female more than 15 husbandless, state and county to marry.

李世民为了让官吏认真实行劝民婚嫁的诏书,还下发了《令州县劝庶民及时婚聘诏》。李世民规定,给及时老百姓送老婆的官员,重点栽培提拔。给老百姓送老婆不及时的官员,要“以附殿失”,通俗易懂的说法,就是要在大殿上批评他们。

Li Shimin in order to let officials seriously implement the imperial edict to persuade people to marry, but also issued \"Lingzhou County to persuade the common people to marry in time \". Li Shimin regulation, to the timely common people send wife officials, key cultivation promotion. Officials who don't give their wives to the common people in time should be \"lost in the temple \".

在李世民的推动之下,唐朝的州县官员,掀起了给老百姓送老婆的热潮。李世民为什么要让州县官员,忙着给老百姓送老婆呢?

Under Li Shimin's impetus, the Tang Dynasty's state and county officials, set off the popularity of giving wives to the common people. Why should Li Shimin let the state and county officials, busy sending wives to the common people?

隋朝某年天下大乱,各路诸侯互相攻伐,导致人口大幅度减少。杨广当朝的时候,齐民编户有890多万户,人口有6000多万人。李世民登基的时候,齐民编户只有二百万户左右,人口1000多万人。

The Sui Dynasty had a year of chaos, all kinds of princes attacked each other, resulting in a substantial reduction in the population. When Yang Guang was in the dynasty, there were more than 8.9 million households with a population of more than 60 million. When Li Shimin came to the throne, Qi Min had only about two million households, with a population of more than 10 million.

大量的男丁战死,出现了大量的孤儿和孤女。在“儿女婚姻,父母之命”的古代,孤儿和孤女的婚姻,就没人做主了。由于打仗死的人大部分是男人,所以出现了女多男少的情况。人口大量减少,还导致大量的土地荒芜,出现了人少田多的情况。

A large number of men died, and a large number of orphans and orphans appeared. In the ancient age of \"children's marriage, the fate of parents \", orphans and lonely marriage, no one to decide. Because most of the people who died in war were men, there were more women than men. A large decrease in population has also led to a large number of land waste, resulting in a situation of fewer people and more fields.

李世民把战后重建工作的重心,放在人口恢复之上。要让人口迅速恢复,就必须让适婚人口早点结婚。在这样的情况下,李世民就制定了一系列政策,鼓励老百姓早点结婚。

Lee focused on post-war reconstruction on population recovery. For the population to recover rapidly, marriageables must be married earlier. In such a situation, Li Shimin made a series of policies to encourage people to get married early.

李世民采取的第一条政策,就是规定女孩子到了15岁必须嫁人。如果女孩子15岁还不肯嫁人,朝廷就不给她分田,还会每年征收4匹绢的税收。如果女孩子愿意嫁人,朝廷就会分40亩田给她,而且每年只收2匹绢的税收。

Lee's first policy was to make it mandatory for girls to marry by the age of 15. If a girl refuses to marry at the age of 15, the court will not give her a field and collect four silks a year. If the girl is willing to marry, the court will give her 40 acres of land, and only 2 silk a year tax.

在农耕时代,没有土地的女孩要交四匹绢的税收,对于普通人家的女孩子来说,是沉重的负担。嫁人了就有田分,还减一半的税。一进一出就是一笔大数目,使得女孩子不得不早点嫁人。

In the farming era, girls without land had to pay four silk taxes, which was a heavy burden on girls in ordinary families. He who marries has a field and a half-tax reduction. In and out is a large sum, so girls have to marry early.

朝廷手上有大量的女战俘,还有许多失去丈夫的寡妇,再加上许多失去父母的孤女,使得朝廷具备了给穷光棍送老婆的条件。大量失去父母的孤儿,和娶不起老婆的穷人,在朝廷的安排下,娶到了免费还自带40亩土地的老婆。

The court has a large number of female prisoners of war, as well as many widows who have lost their husbands, and many lone daughters who have lost their parents, so that the court has the conditions to give wives to poor bachelors. A large number of orphans who have lost their parents, and poor people who cannot afford to marry, under the arrangements of the court, married a wife who brought 40 acres of land free of charge.

孤女和女战俘的婚事好安排,寡妇的婚事却让李世民头疼。隋朝末年,大量的男丁战死,寡妇的数量多得惊人。李世民要恢复人口,就必须想办法让寡妇改嫁。儒家文化,要求妇女从一而终。唐朝以前的朝廷,对寡妇改嫁的事情,是既不支持,也不反对。

The marriage of the solitary daughter and the female prisoner of war is well arranged, but the marriage of the widow gives Li Shimin a headache. In the late Sui Dynasty, a large number of male men died and the number of widows was staggering. Lee must find a way to restore the population to the widow. Confucian culture, requiring women to end from one. Before the Tang Dynasty, the court had neither supported nor objected to the widow's remarriage.

李世民为了让寡妇改嫁,在《令州县劝庶民及时婚聘诏》里,要求州县官员,必须去劝寡妇改嫁。李世民怕州县官员强迫寡妇改嫁,还特别强调说:“妇人有子若守节者勿强”。

Li Shimin in order to let the widow remarry, in the \"lingzhou county to persuade the common people to marry in time \", asked state county officials, must go to persuade widows to remarry. Li Shimin afraid of state and county officials forced widows to remarry, but also stressed that:\" women have children if the festival is not strong.\"

李世民诏令州县官员,采取税收和分田等手段,强迫女孩子15岁嫁人。还采取给穷人送老婆,劝寡妇改嫁等手段,使得结婚率快速上升。

Li Shimin ordered state and county officials to force girls to marry at the age of 15 by means of taxes and land distribution. The marriage rate also increased rapidly by giving wives to the poor and persuading widows to remarry.

结婚率上升了,光棍比例自然就降低了。据我所知,贞观朝是历史上光棍比例最低的朝代之一,或许可以没有之一。

As the marriage rate rises, the percentage of singles naturally decreases. As far as I know, Zhenguan Dynasty is one of the lowest proportion of bachelors in history, perhaps not one.

朝廷有充足的土地分给老百姓,税收水平又低,使得老百姓吃得饱饭。吃饱饭的老百姓积极生育,使得大唐人口出现了快速增长,成就了贞观之治的伟业。

The court had plenty of land to give to the common people, and the low level of tax revenue made the common people eat. The people who fed and fed the food actively gave birth, making the population of the Tang Dynasty appear rapid growth, and achieved the great cause of the rule of virginity.

李世民能给老百姓送自带40亩土地的老婆,最主要的原因就是“女多男少”和“田多人少”,两个条件缺一不可。后世的朝代,不具备这两个条件,所以没有出现朝廷免费发老婆,还送田地的情况。

Li Shimin can send his wife with 40 mu of land to the common people, the most important reason is that \"more men and less women\" and \"more people and less fields \", the two conditions are indispensable. Later dynasties, do not have these two conditions, so there is no court free wife, but also the situation of sending fields.