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他們是科技天空中31顆大星
2020-01-11 18:27  www.affilinker.com

  “杂交水稻之父”袁隆平、抗疟药青蒿素的发现者屠呦呦、我国第一枚导弹总体和第一颗人造地球卫星总设计师孙家栋、“中国预警机之父”王小谟……无论你是否熟悉这31位国家最高科学技术奖获得者的名字,你都应该知道——

Yuan Longping, father of “hybrid rice, Tu Youyou, discoverer of anti-malarial artemisia, Sun Jiadong, chief architect of the first missile and the first artificial earth satellite in China, and Wang Xiaomo, father of the Chinese early warning machine. Whether you are familiar with the names of the 31 winners of the nation's top science and technology awards, you should know -

  一年一度的国家科学技术奖励大会,是我国科技界最重要的盛事之一。其中,最吸引人目光的,是国家最高科学技术奖的颁发。该奖代表了中国科技界的最高荣誉,每年获奖者不超过两名,有时还会空缺,自2000年设立至今,只有31位科学家获奖。其中既包括享誉全球的“杂交水稻之父”袁隆平、抗疟药青蒿素的发现者屠呦呦,也有曾隐姓埋名几十年的我国核武器开拓者和奠基人程开甲、我国著名核物理学家于敏。他们矢志创新、求真务实,在各自领域作出了重要贡献,赢得了科技界和全社会的赞誉。他们是我国科技界的杰出代表,在他们身上集中体现了我国科学家热爱祖国、无私奉献、求真务实、创新开拓、团结协作的精神。

The annual National Science and Technology Awards Conference is one of the most important events in science and technology circles in China. Among them, the most attractive, is the award of the highest national science and technology award. The prize represents the highest honor in China's science and technology community, with no more than two winners a year and sometimes vacant, with only 31 scientists winning prizes since its inception in 2000. These include Yuan Longping, the world-renowned father of hybrid rice, Tu Youyou, the discoverer of the anti-malaria drug artemisia, Cheng Kaijia, a pioneer and founder of China's nuclear weapons, and Yu Min, a famous nuclear physicist. They are determined to innovate and seek truth and pragmatism, have made important contributions in their respective fields, and have won the praise of the scientific and technological circles and the whole society. They are outstanding representatives of the scientific and technological circles of our country, which embodies in them the spirit of our scientists loving the motherland, selfless dedication, seeking truth and pragmatism, innovation and pioneering, unity and cooperation.

  2012年度国家最高科学技术奖得主王小谟,被誉为“中国预警机之父”。谈起缘何选择“预警机”作为终身事业,他爽朗地笑着说:“最根本的原因,还是‘我想为国家争一口气。’对我们这一代人来说,报效国家,是成长中最重要的信念。”

Wang xiaomo, winner of the national top science and technology award of the year 2012, is known as \"father of chinese early warning aircraft \". \"The most fundamental reason is'I want to take a breath for the country,'\" he said with a hearty smile, referring to the choice of\" AWACS \"as a lifelong career. For our generation, serving the nation is the most important belief in growth.

  从研究合成石油,到火箭推进剂及发动机,再到高能化学激光,2013年度国家最高科学技术奖获奖者张存浩院士,一次又一次改行。有人不解,但他很坚定:“这是国家战略需要的前沿课题,不能讲价钱。国家的需要就是我的研究方向。”

From research on synthetic oil to rocket propellants and engines to high-energy chemical lasers, academician chang cunhao, winner of the national top science and technology award in 2013, has changed jobs again and again. Some were puzzled, but he was firm:"This is the frontier of national strategic needs and cannot be priced.” The country's needs are my direction.

  2009年度国家最高科学技术奖获得者孙家栋院士是中国第一枚导弹总体、第一颗人造地球卫星、第一颗返回式卫星的总设计师,是北斗导航卫星等第二代应用卫星的工程总师,也是中国探月工程总设计师。他说:“爱国,对我们航天人来说,表现就是爱航天,爱航天就要把航天的事业办成。”

Academician Sun Jiadong, winner of the State Supreme Science and Technology Award of 2009, is the chief architect of China's first total missile, the first artificial earth satellite and the first return satellite. \"Patriotism, for us astronauts, the performance is to love space, love space will make the space business,\" he said.

  2006年度国家最高科技奖获得者李振声院士是我国著名遗传学家、小麦育种专家,为保障中国的粮食安全作出了巨大贡献,和袁隆平院士一起被国人并称“南袁北李”。他说:“真正给我打分的是农民。”

Academician Li Zhensheng, winner of the 2006 National Supreme Science and Technology Awards, is a famous geneticist and expert in wheat breeding in China. \"It's the farmers who really rated me,\" he said.

  荣获2016年度国家最高科学技术奖的屠呦呦没有发表过SCI论文,没有博士学位,没有留过洋,也没有院士头衔……是一个“三无”科学家。她说:“科学研究不是为了争名争利。”2016年,她拿出诺贝尔奖奖金中的100万元人民币捐赠给北京大学医学部设立“屠呦呦医药人才奖励基金”,又将100万元人民币捐给中医科学院成立创新基金,激励更多的年轻人参与到中医药科研中去。

Tu Youyou, who won the National Supreme Science and Technology Awards 2016, has not published a sci thesis, no doctorate, no foreign or academician title. is a \"three noes\" scientist. \"Scientific research is not about winning,\" she said. In 2016, she donated 1 million yuan of the Nobel prize money to Peking University's medical department to set up the \"Tu Youyou Medical Talent Award Fund,\" and 1 million yuan to the Academy of traditional Chinese Medicine to set up an innovation fund to encourage more young people to participate in Chinese medicine research.

  2018年度国家最高科学技术奖获得者、陆军工程大学教授钱七虎把800万元奖金全部捐献出来,成立基金会,重点资助更多品学兼优的贫困家庭子女,让他们有学上、上好学。谈及捐献的初衷,钱七虎院士对记者说:“我就是在国家的资助下成长成才的,现在还有很多贫困学生,如果他们能像我一样完成学业,将会给国家作出更大贡献”。

Qian Qihu, a professor at the Army University of Engineering and winner of the National Science and Technology Award of the Year 2018, donated all his 8 million yuan bonus and set up a foundation to fund more children of poor families with excellent academic and academic qualities. Talking about the original intention of the donation, Qian Qihu academician told reporters:\" I just grew up with state funding, and now there are many poor students, if they can finish their studies like me, they will make a greater contribution to the country.

  2005年度国家最高科学技术奖获得者、“中国肝胆外科之父”吴孟超院士作为中国医药卫生界第一位获此殊荣的科学家,他将当年获得的奖金全部捐出,培养科技人才,奖励有重大贡献的医护人员。吴孟超院士多次提供机会,资助学生赴欧美学习深造,其中1987年,他将王红阳送到德国科学院学习,现在王红阳已成为中国工程院院士。不仅如此,除了王红阳院士,吴孟超院士的学生杨甲梅、杨广顺、郭亚军、沈锋等,都已经成为了国内著名专家及相关领域的领军人才。

As the first scientist in China's medical and health sector, Academician Wu Mengchao, winner of the 2005 National Supreme Science and Technology Awards, has donated all the prizes he received to train scientific and technological personnel and reward health personnel who have made significant contributions. Academician Wu Mengchao offered many opportunities to fund students to study in Europe and the United States, in which he sent Wang Hongyang to the German Academy of Sciences in 1987, and now Wang Hongyang has become an academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering. Not only that, in addition to academician Wang Hongyang, academician Wu Mengchao's students Yang Jiamei, Yang Guangshun, Guo Yajun, Shen Feng and so on, have become famous domestic experts and leading talents in related fields.

  在医学科学界,还有“一门四院士”的佳话。曾经获得2010年度国家最高科学技术奖的王振义院士,不仅在临床上极大地提高了急性早幼粒细胞白血病病人的完全缓解率和长期生存率,还先后培养出陈竺院士、陈赛娟院士、陈国强院士,在上海血研所,师徒接力攻克白血病,让中国故事传向了世界。

In the medical sciences, there are \"one four academicians\" good words. Academician wang zhenyi, who has won the 2010 state top science and technology award, not only greatly improved the complete remission rate and long-term survival rate of patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia in clinic, but also trained chen zhu academician, chen saijuan academician and chen guoqiang academician.

  2000年度国家最高科学技术奖获得者袁隆平院士发明的杂交水稻,被西方专家称为“东方魔稻”,从根本上解决了中国人吃饭的问题,也为全人类免于饥饿作出了重大贡献,他说:“我有两个梦,一个是‘禾下乘凉梦’,一个是‘杂交稻覆盖全球梦’。”

The hybrid rice, invented by academician yuan longping, the top national science and technology awardee of the year 2000, was called \"oriental magic rice\" by western experts, which fundamentally solved the problem of chinese eating and made a great contribution to saving mankind from hunger.

  屠呦呦60多年致力于中医研究实践,带领团队攻坚克难,研究发现了青蒿素,解决了长期困扰的抗疟治疗失效难题,挽救了全球特别是发展中国家数百万人的生命。如今,以青蒿素类药物为基础的联合用药疗法成为世界卫生组织推介的最佳疟疾治疗方法,这是中医药带给世界民众健康福祉的生动诠释。

Tu Youyou spent more than 60 years in the practice of traditional Chinese medicine research, led the team to overcome difficulties, the study found artemisinin, to solve the long-standing problem of malaria treatment failure, saving millions of lives around the world, especially in developing countries. Today, artemisinin-based combination therapies are the best malaria treatment recommended by the World Health Organization, a vivid interpretation of the health benefits of traditional Chinese medicine for the world's population.

  回顾这些获奖的科学大家,他们爱国敬业,德才兼备,国家的需要就是他们的研究方向,他们攻坚克难,开拓创新,他们,是我国科技界最闪亮的“星”,是国家的功臣!他们身上体现的科学家精神,将激励着我国一代又一代科技工作者不负韶华,传承接力,朝着世界科技强国的目标奋进。(记者袁于飞)

Looking back on these award-winning scientific people, they are patriotic and dedicated, both moral and talented, the needs of the country is their research direction, they overcome difficulties, pioneering and innovative, they are the most shining \"star\" in the scientific and technological circles of our country, is the meritorious service of the country! The spirit of scientists embodied in them will inspire generations of scientific and technological workers in our country to live up to their time, pass on the relay and advance towards the goal of the world's scientific and technological power. (Reporter, Yuen Yu-fai)